- Sometimes providing groundwater ends up disadvantaging women (IWMI research in India)

- Examples of river health:
* Impact of River Health on living conditions of women
* Impact of River Health on livelihood of women

- Gender inclusiveness, into the curriculum and contents of training programs

- Capacity building with active gender networks such as WON

- In a local knowledge research project, women researchers were encouraged to voice up and share ideas and were given opportunities to join different activities. Gradually, they became more confident and active.

- Climate change infrastructure project identified the disadvantages of a “technically preferred” system to women, which had not been taken into account by the infrastructure designers. Preferred option was septic tanks, but when these overflowed it left women with no option to go to the toilet, while the men would just go outside.

- Large-scale development mostly shifts gender equity because livelihoods are affected differently.

- Women seem to disaggregate more while men believe more in blanket solution and are more open-ended regarding new solutions.

- Implementation of sanitation technologies and lower adoption due to poor understanding of household water use priorities

- Role of sanitation in girls’ + women’s education

- BNV flows - maintenance of dry season flows meant women had less far to walk to collect water

- Without incorporating gender into our research, the results of the research did not reflect a clear picture of women in communities.

- Hydropower dam in Thailand / Lao PDR
* positives: SME, off-farm activities
* negatives: the more they depend on natural resources, the more they suffer